What is sodium bicarbonate used for

Sodium bicarbonate, commonly known as baking soda, has a variety of uses in different fields. Some of its common applications include:

What is sodium bicarbonate used for

  • Baking: Sodium bicarbonate is a leavening agent in baking. It reacts with acidic ingredients like vinegar or yogurt to produce carbon dioxide gas, which helps the dough rise.

  • Cleaning: Baking soda is an effective and gentle abrasive cleaner. It can be used to clean surfaces, deodorize, and remove stains from various household items.

  • Eliminates odor: Sodium bicarbonate is known for its ability to neutralize odor. It can be used in refrigerators, carpets, shoes and even as a natural deodorant.

  • Fire Extinguisher: In small kitchen fires, sodium bicarbonate can be used as a fire extinguisher by releasing carbon dioxide when heated, which helps in extinguishing the fire.

  • Oral care: Baking soda is sometimes used as an ingredient in toothpaste or as a standalone tooth powder for its mild abrasive properties. It is believed to help remove plaque and whiten teeth.

  • Antacid: Sodium bicarbonate can act as an antacid by neutralizing stomach acid. It is sometimes used to relieve heartburn and indigestion, but it should be used with caution and under the guidance of a health care professional.

  • pH regulation: In some laboratory and industrial processes, sodium bicarbonate is used to regulate pH levels. It can act as a buffer to help maintain a stable pH in various solutions.

  • Medicinal Uses: In addition to its antacid properties, sodium bicarbonate may be used in some medical treatments, such as in the management of certain types of poisoning or as a component of intravenous (IV) fluids.

It is important to note that while sodium bicarbonate has many practical uses, excessive consumption or use in some contexts may have health effects. It is always advised to use it as per the recommended guidelines and consult professionals if necessary.

Sodium bicarbonate boiling point

Sodium bicarbonate (NaHCO3) decomposes at high temperatures before reaching a specific boiling point. When heated, sodium bicarbonate undergoes a chemical reaction, breaking down into water, carbon dioxide, and sodium carbonate. This reaction typically occurs between 50 to 100 °C (122 to 212 °F).

The sodium carbonate (Na2CO3) that is formed is stable at high temperatures, and water and carbon dioxide are released as gases. Therefore, sodium bicarbonate does not have a conventional boiling point like water. Instead, it decomposes when heated.